What To Do When Traveling To Pakistan?
The history of Pakistan traces back to the beginnings of human life in South Asia. Pakistan is home to the Indus Valley civilization, which is amongst the oldest in the world. Prior to the 1900’s the area of Pakistan was the area from which the Muslims ruled over Central and Southern Asia for over 300 years.Today Pakistan is made up of people from various races including Arabs from after the Islamic expeditions, Persians from Bukhara and Samarkand, Turks from Central Asia and the Hindus who were converted to Islam.
The official name of Pakistan was used after the partition of (British) India into the 2 states of India and Pakistan in 1947. The once Mughal Empire was divided into the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (with two sections West and East) and largely Hindu, abeit secular India. A third war between these countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan seceding and becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. A dispute over the state of Jammu and Kashmir is ongoing between India and Pakistan.
Urdu official language, but English in general use in government, military, business, and higher education. Urdu spoken as native tongue by only 8 percent of population, Punjabi by about 48 percent, the Punjabi variant Siraiki by 10 percent, Sindhi by about 12 percent, Pakhtu or Pashto by about 8 or 9 percent, Balochi, 3 percent, Hindko, 2 percent, and Brahui, 1 percent. Native speakers of other languages, including English and Burushaski, account for 8 percent of population.
Pakistan is divided into three major geographic areas: the northern highlands; the Indus River plain, with two major subdivisions corresponding roughly to the provinces of Punjab and Sindh; and the Balochistan Plateau. Some geographers designate additional major regions. For example, the mountain ranges along the western border with Afghanistan are sometimes described separately from the Balochistan Plateau, and on the eastern border with India, south of the Sutlej River, the Thar Desert may be considered separately from the Indus Plain. Nevertheless, the country may conveniently be visualized in general terms as divided in three by an imaginary line drawn eastward from the Khyber Pass and another drawn southwest from Islamabad down the middle of the country. Roughly, then, the northern highlands are north of the imaginary east-west line; the Balochistan Plateau is to the west of the imaginary southwest line; and the Indus Plain lies to the east of that line
What To Do When Traveling To Pakistan? Population Distribution
Pakistan’s people are not evenly distributed throughout the country. There is an average of 146 persons per square kilometer, but the density varies dramatically, ranging from scarcely populated arid areas, especially in Balochistan, to some of the highest urban densities in the world in Karachi and Lahore.
About 68 percent of the population lived in rural areas in 1994, a decrease of 7 percent since 1970. In contrast, the number of people living in urban areas has risen substantially, resulting in an urban growth rate of 4.6 percent between 1980 and 1991.
More than half of Pakistan’s population is below the age of fifteen; nearly a third is below the age of nine For cultural reasons, enumerating the precise number of females has been difficult–and estimates of the percentage of females in the population range from 47.5 percent in the 1981 census to 48.3 percent in the 1987-88 Labor Force Survey. Pakistan is one of the few countries in the world with an inverse sex ratio: official sources claim there are 111 men for every 100 women. The discrepancy is particularly obvious among people over fifty: men account for 7.1 percent of the country’s total population and women for less than 5 percent. This figure reflects the secondary status of females in Pakistani society, especially their lack of access to quality medical care.
What to do?
White Water Rafting
The rivers of Pakistan are spread like a net through its length and breadth. Right from the heights of the Karakorams, the Himalayas and the Hindukush, Pakistani’s rivers change their courses and flows until they all meet the mighty Indus, at different points, which ultimately falls into the Arabian Sea. These rivers are ideal for all types of water sports like rafting, canoeing, boating and sailing. Following rivers in the Northern Pakistan are open for water sports, besides the Indus, the Ravi and the Chenab in NWFP, Punjab and Sindh Provinces ,Indus ,Kunhar ,Swat , Pankora
Khyber Steam Safari
Richard Travithick produced the first locomotive by bringing the locomotive and railway invention together in 1804. Britishers brought this technology to the Subcontinent and in order to augment their defence to stop the Russian invasion on India, a 42 kms long Khyber Railway lines was built by them in 1920s from Peshawar to Landi Kotal at an enormous cost of 6 million Rupees. This is one of the most historical and interesting train journeys in the world today.
The train coaches are pulled and pushed by two 1920s vintage oil fired steam engines to climb 1200 meters through 34 tunnels and 92 bridges and culverts. At one point the track climbs to 130 meters after a journey of 1.4 kilometers. A section of the track is shaped like a W and the train has to move in changing directions. The tribal people traveled free as part of the contract agreed upon when they allowed the British to build the railway through their territory.
That Pakistan International Airlines offers, perhaps the most unique Air Safari on Earth: a grandiose flight into the ultimate realm of the mountains! It is a flight through a virtual forest of literally hundreds of over 7000 meter peaks, inclusive of five that fall into the 14 highest mountains of the world that are over 8,000 meters.
The second highest mountain, the majestic K-2, the ninth highest Nanga Parbat, universally dubbed “the killer mountain”, on account of its forbidding reputation in the mountaineering community, the 11th highest Hidden Peak, the 12th highest Broad Peak and the 13th highest Gasherbrum-II, are all part of this amazing region. Four of these awesome peaks come together in the most spectacular theatre on Earth – the Concordia, called the Darbar of the Emperor of the Jinns from the Arabian Nights! The locals believe that the “Badshah” of this land of Jinns chose this spot for his court as it was the loftiest and most remote on Earth. It offers all this and much more.
Northern Pakistan has the greatest concentration of the highest peaks of the world. It has 05 peaks over 8,000 metres including the world’s second highest, K-2 (Chogori, 8611 m), 29 peaks of over 7,500 metres and 121 of over 7,000 metres. Hundreds of peaks are still lying un-climbed. This, is a great challenge for the mountaineers and mountain climbers the world over.
All peaks/routes for mountaineering have been designated as open zone or restricted zone. Permits for climbing peaks in open zone, are issued by the Ministry of Tourism, within 24 hours of the receipt of application. However, for peaks/routes in restricted zone, permit is issued within 14 days form the date of receipt of the application in Ministry of Tourism, Government of Pakistan (Operation Section), 9th Floor, Green Trust Towers, Blue Area, Jinnah Avenue, Islamabad.